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A Zaidi Shiite movement operating in Yemen. It seeks to establish a democratic government in Yemen.
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Shiite

represents the second largest denomination of Islam. Shiites believe Ali (peace be upon him) to be prophet"s successor in the Caliphate.
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Resistance

Axis of Resistances refers to countries and movements with common political goal, i.e., resisting against Zionist regime, America and other western powers. Iran, Syria, Hezbollah in Lebanon, and Hamas in Palestine are considered as the Axis of Resistance.
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Persian Gulf Cooperation Council

A regional political u n i o n consisting of Arab states of the Persian Gulf, except for Iraq.
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Taliban

Taliban is a Sunni fundamentalist movement in Afghanistan. It was founded by Mohammed Omar in 1994.
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Wahhabism & Extremism

Wahhabism is an extremist pseudo-Sunni movement, which labels non-Wahhabi Muslims as apostates thus paving the way for their bloodshed.
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Kurds

Kurds are an ethnic group in the Middle East, mostly inhabiting a region, which spans adjacent parts of Iran, Iraq, Syria, and Turkey. They are an Iranian people and speak the Kurdish languages, which form a subgroup of the Northwestern Iranian branch of Iranian languages.
NATO

NATO

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization is an intergovernmental military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty which was signed on 4 April 1949.
Islamic Awakening

Islamic Awakening

Refers to a revival of the Islam throughout the world, that began in 1979 by Iranian Revolution that established an Islamic republic.
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Al-Qaeda

A militant Sunni organization founded by Osama bin Laden at some point between 1988 and 1989
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Analysis

With Saudi Green Light, Yemen’s GPC to Victimize Hadi in Road to Recovery

Saturday 28 August 2021
With Saudi Green Light, Yemen’s GPC to Victimize Hadi in Road to Recovery

Related Content

What’s Behind Saudi Silence To Coup Against Hadi In Southern Yemen?

Saudi-Backed Hadi Rejects Yemen Unity Government

Alwaght- Along with the relative stagnation on Yemen battlegrounds, the anti-Sana'a coalition of Yemeni and foreign actors is reviewing its alliances and reshaping its internal structures to adapt to the changes and dynamics happening in the game environment. 

As part of these efforts, leaders of General People's Congress (GPC) have met in Abu Dhabi and took steps towards a peace initiative, reports suggested. One of the terms of the initiative was cutting off support to Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi, removing him from presidency in the Aden-based administration, and replacing him with Ahmad Saleh, the son of the former President Ali Abdullah Saleh. 

In April 2015, the UN Security Council imposed sanctions on Ahmad Saleh under Resolution 2216, accusing him of participating in activities that threaten peace, security and stability in Yemen. The sanctions imposed a travel ban on him. 

However, a recent letter sent to the UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres by Hadi's Foreign Minister Ahmad bin Mubarak and earlier negotiations with the former special UN envoy to Yemen Martin Griffiths demonstrated the Saudi and Emirati plans to ditch Hadi and bring to power the former president's son. Saleh's recent meeting with Netherlands ambassador to the UAE gave signs that the Western sides were preparing to lift his sanctions. 

Elaph newspaper of Saudi Arabia in an article reported that Riyadh was pursuing Hadi removal from the political scene under the excuse of critical health and aging conditions. The newspaper noted that the most important current candidate to replace Hadi was Ahmad Saleh. It further said that the UNSC, including Russia and China, was moving in this direction and pursuing sanctions relief. 

On the other hand, the UAE appointed Saleh president of the recent GPC conference as a replacement to Hadi in preparation to name him president of the ousted regime. 

Earlier, media had revealed that Ahmad arranged an agreement among GPC's branch in the west coast, the UAE-backed militia there led by his cousin Tareq Saleh, and GPC's Sana'a branch led by Saleh Abu Ra'as. 

Behind-the-scenes Riyadh-Abu Dhabi rivalry: End of alliance

The distrust between Saudi Arabia and the UAE is rising day by day and due to their struggle for own interests in Yemen as their strategies began to conflict. The clearest example is the UAE exit announcement from combat mission in Yemen, followed by clashes between the UAE-sponsored Southern Transitional Council (STC) and the Saudi-backed loyalists of Hadi in 2018 and expulsion of Hadi cabinet from Aden. 

This division continues despite political shows of maintaining unity, such as the failed Riyadh agreement and hand shaking of Abu Dhabi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Zayed and Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman in front of media during bin Zayed's recent visit to Riyadh. With the Emiratis seeking to grab the initiative from the Saudis and play as the leading foreign actor in southern Yemen developments, this division even goes wider. 

Although the news leaked talk about an agreement between Riyadh and Abu Dhabi to oust Mansour Hadi from power, behind the scenes there is a fierce competition between the two countries to pick up close allies in the government of Aden. And Hadi ouster should be read a Saudi concession to save the failing anti-Sana'a front, amid catastrophic situation for the Saudis in the strategic Ma'rib and the daily drone and missile strikes by Ansarullah Movement on the Saudi territories. It should be mentioned that opposition to Hadi inside the Aden government's circles was high and in addition to the southerners, Tareq Saleh did not swear allegiance to Hadi either. 

GPC's challenges to recover from past mistakes 

Observers hold that the efforts to appoint Ahmad Saleh as the leader of the GPC at present is a difficult job, given the massive differences that tore apart the party. 

Currently, the GPC is going through tough times due to fragile domestic conditions, lack of financial resources, and regional and international pressures. 

The internal rift between the party leaders is one of the most important challenges facing the party leaders in restoring the place in Yemen developments. Currently, the GPC has relations with Sana'a, Cairo, and Riyadh. 

Observers believe that the key challenge ahead of pro-unity efforts of the GPC is lack of a comprehensive leadership, at a time each of its leaders insist on their qualification for general leadership and replacement of the slain leader Ali Abdullah Saleh. 

No matter how patriotic the slogans of the GPC expatriate leaders are. A majority of them abandoned their country and people while the latter suffered for over six years under war, blockade, hunger, and diseases, tied their interests to those of foreign actors, and walked a path of political decline. 

Therefore, the top priority for the party leaders is to unlock from dependence on foreign powers that seek colonial goals in prevention of Yemen unity and independence. 

 

Tags :

Yemen GPC War Saudi Unity Saleh Ansarullah

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